Georg Hentschel - Christina Nießen, «Der Bruderkrieg zwischen Israel und Benjamin (Ri 20)», Vol. 89 (2008) 17-38
The story about Israel’s war against their brother Benjamin (Judg 20) is told from Israel’s perspective. Benjamin almost does not get a word in edgeways. But the fight against their 'brother' Benjamin is only then successful, when Israel shows confidence in God by weeping, fasting and making sacrifices. Conspicuous repetitions and syntactical disturbances point to a thorough revision. If one pays attention to the distinction of names — 'sons of Israel' and 'man of Israel' — and to the differences in structure and strategy, dates and times, numbers and theology, then the second account of the last fighting (20,36c-47) turns out to be a part of an independent tradition. A younger narrator added to this old narrative, that the 'sons of Israel' learned to inquire of God after two setbacks, and God helped them to defeat Benjamin, their 'brother'. The contribution of the deuteronomistic and priestly redactions is relatively small.