David Volgger, «The Day of Atonement according to the Temple Scroll», Vol. 87 (2006) 251-260
The Temple Scroll (11Q19) dedicates about two and a half columns to the Day of Atonement (25,10-27,10). The present study concentrates on the content of the transmitted text (25,10-16; 26-3-13, and 27,01-02.1-10), analyses its structure, and explains its development of thought. The focus of the text seems to be on the concept of the sin-offering. First, the sin-offering of a he-goat makes part of the common festival sacrifice. Second, the two rams belong as burnt-offering to the special sin-offering of the Feast. And third, a he-goat for YHWH is offered as a special sin-offering on the altar of burnt-offering, whereas, a second he-goat for Azazel bears all the sins of Israel and is sent out into the desert. Since the he-goat for Azazel does not get in touch with the altar of burnt-offering, it cannot be classified as a burnt-offering. Moreover, it shares only one major feature with the other sin-offerings, namely, to remove sins.