Hans Ausloos, «Exod 23,20-33 and the War of YHWH», Vol. 80 (1999) 555-563
Some crucial elements of the compositional structure of the "war of YHWH" which can be found in Exod 14, Josh 10, Judg 4 and 1 Sam 7, equally occur in Exod 23,20-33. The differences between the latter text and the former pericopes, however, point into the conclusion that Exod 14, Josh 10, Judg 4 and 1 Sam 7 on the one hand and Exod 23,20-33 on the other are separate witnesses of an earlier tradition about YHWH as warrior.
Ever since historical-critical research has been done on the "Book of the Covenant" (Exod 20,2223,19), the epilogue of this legal corpus (23,20-33) has been given special attention. Making use of literary criteria (Numeruswechsel, doublets and contradictions), the origin of this pericope has been considered very complex1. Moreover, almost every scholar who has analysed the passage has indicated its relationship with the book of Deuteronomy and the so-called Deuteronomistic literature2. In this context and since the beginning of the 20th century, important parts of Exod 23,20-33 have been commonly characterised as dependent on Deuteronom(ist)ic literature3. Likewise, several scholars have even considered the entire