Matthijs Den Dulk, «The Promises to the Conquerors in the Book of Revelation», Vol. 87 (2006) 516-522
This article suggests that the promises to the “conquerors” at the close of each letter to the Asian churches in chapters 2 and 3 of the Apocalypse are based on subsequent events in salvation-history. The first promise (to the conquerors in Ephesus) refers to the creation story, the last promise (to the Laodicean conquerors) refers to the ministry and exaltation of Jesus. The promises to the other churches fit within this salvation-historical line from creation to the ministry of the Messiah, which is taken up again at the end of the book in the eschatological and climactic promise of Rev 21,7.