Recent scholarship interprets Isaiah 24,14-16 in light of a “prophetic disputation pattern” genre, which sees the praise in vv. 14-15 as an assertion and the “I” statement in v. 16b as the counter-assertion, thus, correcting the assertion in vv. 14-15. This article seeks to challenge this interpretation and argue that the “I” statement in v. 16b does not need to function as a “counter-assertion” to the praise in vv. 14-15 but, rather, as introducing the proclamation of judgment for the unrighteous (v. 16c).
In Hosea 3 we find a reflection on the situation of the Northern-Israelites after the destruction of Samaria. The text, except for some slight additions, was originally composed shortly after 720 BCE by Northern Israelites and is part of an early composition of Hosea-materials. The fall of the Northern Kingdom is caused by the crimes denounced by Hosea and brought about by the divine judgment he had announced. The events therefore confirm Hosea’s prediction. Israel’s punishment is interpreted as an educational trial meant to make Israel return to YHWH. Hence, there is hope for restoration and a better future after the judgment.