Mario Liverani, «Nuovi sviluppi nello studio dellIsraele Biblico», Vol. 80 (1999) 488-505
The History of Israel has always been conditioned by the weight of the Old Testament in that the latter, with its complex editorial character and its quite special theological value, is practically the only source. After a long phase during which stories about Israel took shape as a redactional post-canonical stratum, and after research into archaeological and philological parallels in the surrounding Near East with a view to drawing up an enormous hypertext, modern research seemed to have rightly settled for a kind of "proto-historical" use of archaeological documentation connected with distribution of textual data according to periods of redaction or reworking. Moreover, recent tendencies of a "post-modern" type, implicitly or explicitly denying the existence of a real referent for the historiographic account, are likely to exhaust once again the historical reconstruction of the biblical text at the level of criticism (ideological, literary, theological or other).