Ladislav Tichy, «Was hat Zachäus geantwortet? (Lk 19,8)», Vol. 92 (2011) 21-38
The present tense forms di/dwmi and paradi/dwmi in Lk 19,8 are mostly considered as futuristic. Another view interprets them as iterative or customary. In order to discover their right meaning one has to pay attention to signals in the immediate context. The strongest signal is the expression ta\ u/pa/rxonta, which must mean «possessions» or «property». Already from this term the first readers/hearers must have concluded that Zacchaeus wanted to make a decision concerning his future life. Other signals in the context (including the form di/dwmi itself used in last wills) confirm this interpretation.