Paul Evans, «Divine Intermediaries in 1 Chronicles 21. An Overlooked Aspect of the Chroniclers Theology», Vol. 85 (2004) 545-558
This paper challenges current scholarly opinion in regard to the Chroniclers belief in divine intermediaries. In 1 Chronicles 21, unlike in the Chroniclers Vorlage, the angel is clearly distinguished from Yahweh himself, communicates Yahwehs word to Gad, and flies. The Chroniclers replacement of Yahweh with N+# also reflects this belief. Persian Dualism may have been influential but there is no evidence that the Chronicler felt the need to remove all aspects of evil from originating in God. Although not representing a complete doctrine of Satan, as developed in later Jewish writings, 1 Chronicles 21 is an important stage its development.